MISING: VILLAGE ORGANIZATION
II. DO:LUNG KCBANG
III. MVMBVR YA:MC
IV. RVGBO GVNAM and ABVR GVNAM
Murong is the most important and useful traditional socio-cultural institution of Mising people. It is comparable with the dormitory system prevailing in other tribes. But many of the traditional functions of MURONG as were in the past, such as to guard the village by the youth from enemies etc. have gradually abandoned. Only on some important festive events such as for celebrating PORAG the concept of MURONG come to the Mising people. The youths and village people gather in the MURONG also to chalk out the programmes and to take social decisions.
It is the supreme social body of a village. It is constituted by the elderly people of the village who assemble in the MURONG under the village headman on specific occasions. The village body also takes all important social decisions of the village concerned and settle disputes of social importance. It delivers judgment and punish the offenders. There is no system of hereditary chief in Mising village. The headman of village is supreme in his own village only.
Memberships to DO:LUNG KCBANG are open to all people of the village. If the village people are not satisfied with the work of particular member of the kcbang, he may be removed with a substitution. There is specific assignment for each office bearer of the kcbang. No women will join the kcbang, she can make her voice heard or is invited when her opinion is felt by the kcbang.
Punishment are given by the kcbang after hearing the complaints. Which range from imposition of fine in money or excommunication (YODNAM). Yodnam is considerd as the severest form of punishment the village can conflict upon any villager for a serious crime. A man who rebels against custom will be isolated and considered outcaste. This is a sort of social boycott.
No physical torture is prevalent in Mising people whatever the offence may be. The immoral acts and major offence dealt with severity. In such cases fine is imposed and purification rites are imperative.
It is a benevolent youth organization of the village. The unmarried boys and girls are the members of this social organization. From functional point of view, this is the most important and powerful organization in rendering social services to the village people. Whenever a family wants manpower to construct a house, to transplant and harvest paddy or to conduct a feast in a festive occasion like a marriage, death ceremony etc. the headman of a family formally invites the “Mvmbvr Ya:me”. This organization stands as organization cum caretaker in the whole circumstance of the activities of the village. In murong during PO:RAG festival, ali aye ligang, bihu etc.. there are some office bearers in “Mvmbvr Ya:me who organize a meeting for such an invitation when formally made by co-village.
Co-operation and fellow feelings are some of the salient features of the Mising. Mvmbvr Ya:me service rendered to the village people is an example of such social integration. Another very important aspect of this organization is the responsibility of their members towards Dolung Kcbang. Moreover an important fact is that the first loyality of the Mising youth is always towards the Mvmbvr Ya:mc.
When family invites the Mvmbvr Ya:mc for particular work. The family has to offer only APONG and other eatables, preferably cooked rice and vegetables with some amount of meat. If the family is poor, the youth are satisfied with APONG only. Sometimes money is paid to them, the earnings from these sources are deposited into their fund and utilized at the time of feast as in DOPAN TV:PAN.
‘Abvr Gvnam’ ia a means of rendering physical labour on invitation of co-villager who cant otherwise get things done by his efforts. A woman reaper can extend an invitation to her colleagues in reaping her harvest. It is means which fosters mutual understanding of individual problem as well as paves way for fellow feelings. This system helps the people for social integration at the village level.