THE AGOM AND A:BANG OF TANI-AGOM:
The Misings belongs to a diversity of several kindred tribes and regarded as indicative of a race, but not as the name of a tribe. A mixed formation of many tribes which has been attributed to admixture of racial elements are agglomerated into a community of Mising. There have been a considerable intermingling of several tribal dialects forming a pattern of common language which generally known a Mising Agom appertaining to all of the Mising as a whole.
The mising Agom has relatively close affinity with many Arunachal tribal descents traced to a common ancestor-‘Abo Tani’. The little difference among them is mainly phonetical. Basically the same words are pronounced with slight variations. The fundamental words are almost the same in all of them.
The following words are the random illustration of mutual affinities of tribal speaking Tani-agom.
ENGLISH APATANI GALONG NISHI HILL MIRI ADI MISING
Beer O Opo Opo Opo Apong Apong
Salt A:lo A:lo A:lo Alo Alo Alo
I Ngo Ngo Ngo Ngo Ngo Ngo
We Nunu Ngunu/Ngulu Ngulu Ngulu Ngulu Ngolu
You No Nunu No No No No
He/She mo mi mi be bv bv
His/Her hoko migc migc ekke bvkke bvkkc
Agom in its common meaning is the language of the Mising and it is included in ‘Tani-Agom’. The first word is said to have preceded out as ‘Om Laye’ and the first man created as ‘Tapa Pumang’. These two words are ‘Gomdvk’, a kind of incantation generally used by Mibu, the Mising priestly man who is an institution by himself.
According to the ‘Mibu Gompak’ cited above, voice is believed to have existed in heaven as ‘Gomnc-Gomtang’ and came down on Earth in a divine way and then spoken out as ‘Gompv-Gomtang’ by a ‘Ta:bo’ who is given inspiration of ‘Do:yvng’ name of ‘Gomtang Ba:bu’. The Mibu here. Introduce himself as ‘Ta:bo’(wiseman). Further he says.
So, ‘agom’ is the creation of god, in the sense that he inspired ‘Do:Yvng Na:nc’ to speak out the ‘Gomnc-gomtang’ as a ‘Gompv-gomtang’ in the mouth of a Ta:bo.
‘Gompv-gomtang’ is generally expressed in two ways and these are ‘Agom’(Gomtang) and ‘A:bang’ which accord perfectly and both are part of one homogeneous whole.
‘Agom’ (Gomtang) can mainly be divided into two parts. ‘Agom’ and ‘Gompak’.
1. Agom here means a common colloquies.
2. Gompak is purposely spoken for a particular occasion. Having rhetorical order it is generally used in oratorical speech, prayer and proverbial phrase.
“Yumsi odarcm gvjoncko
Osim tarungcm ru:joncko”
It tells about a man who can find out solution of a dangerous situation. The phrase is used in oratorical speech.
“Ako sinna-Anc sangge:ya
Po:lo orumso-Do:nyi orumso
Do:nyi awo komvlo
Po:lo awo komvlo
You are the one, only the powerful source of creation of all. We are under kind fold of ‘Do:nyi-Po:lo’ being true to their real existence forever. It is a ‘Lube Gompak’-prayer.
“Dumbo bclamcm svkka:ma:
opan agomcm tadk:ma”
“Breaking deer has no value as an ordinary pray and advice of layman is not accepted as humble creator”. It is “solog gompak”-proverb.